:orphan:
.. _ahelp_3dFFT:
*****
3dFFT
*****
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.. codeblock:: none
Usage: 3dFFT [options] dataset
* Does the FFT of the input dataset in 3 directions (x,y,z) and
produces the output dataset.
* Why you'd want to do this is an interesting question.
* Program 3dcalc can operate on complexvalued datasets, but
only on one component at a time (cf. the 'cx2r' option).
* Most other AFNI programs can only operate on realvalued
datasets.
* You could use 3dcalc (twice) to split a complexvalued dataset
into two realvalued datasets, do your will on those with other
AFNI programs, then merge the results back into a complexvalued
dataset with 3dTwotoComplex.
Options
=======
abs = Outputs the magnitude of the FFT [default]
phase = Outputs the phase of the FFT (PI..PI == no unwrapping!)
complex = Outputs the complexvalued FFT
inverse = Does the inverse FFT instead of the forward FFT
Lx xx = Use FFT of length 'xx' in the xdirection
Ly yy = Use FFT of length 'yy' in the ydirection
Lz zz = Use FFT of length 'zz' in the zdirection
* Set a length to 0 to skip the FFT in that direction
altIN = Alternate signs of input data before FFT, to bring
zero frequency from edge of FFTspace to center of grid
for cosmetic purposes.
altOUT = Alternate signs of output data after FFT. If you
use 'altI' on the forward transform, then you should
use 'altO' an the inverse transform, to get the
signs of the recovered image correct.
**N.B.: You cannot use 'altIN' and 'altOUT' in the same run!
input dd = Read the input dataset from 'dd', instead of
from the last argument on the command line.
prefix pp = Use 'pp' for the output dataset prefix.
Notes
=====
* The program can only do FFT lengths that are positive
even integers.
* The 'x', 'y', and 'z' axes here refer to the order the
data is stored, not DICOM coordinates; cf. 3dinfo.
* If you force (via 'Lx' etc.) an FFT length that is not
allowed, the program will stop with an error message.
* If you force an FFT length that is shorter than an dataset
axis dimension, the program will stop with an error message.
* If you don't force an FFT length along a particular axis,
the program will pick the smallest legal value that is
greater than or equal to the corresponding dataset dimension.
+ e.g., 123 would be increased to 124.
* If an FFT length is longer than an axis length, then the
input data in that direction is zeropadded at the end.
* For abs and phase, the output dataset is in float format.
* If you do the forward and inverse FFT, then you should get back
the original dataset, except for roundoff error and except that
the new dataset axis dimensions may be longer than the original.
* Forward FFT = sum_{k=0..N1} [ exp(2*PI*i*k/N) * data(k) ]
* Inverse FFT = sum_{k=0..N1} [ exp(+2*PI*i*k/N) * data(k) ] / N
* Started a long time ago, but only finished in Aug 2009 at the
request of John Butman, because he asked so nicely. (Now pay up!)
++ Compile date = Aug 5 2022 {AFNI_22.2.05:linux_ubuntu_16_64}