AFNI program: @Atlasize
Output of -help
Script to turn a volumetric dataset into an AFNI atlas.
To make an atlas available for 'whereami' queries, AFNI needs both
an atlas dataset and an entry for that atlas in an atlas file.
This script will tag the dataset as an atlas by adding the necessary
header information to the dataset and create an entry in the atlas file.
For labeling surface-based datasets you should use programs
MakeColorMap and ConvertDset. For details, see ConvertDest's -labelize
and MakeColorMap's -usercolutfile and -suma_cmap options.
Usage: @Atlasize <-dset DSET>
-dset DSET: Make DSET an atlas
-space SPACE: Mark DSET as being in space SPACE
-lab_file FILE cLAB cVAL: Labels and keys are in text file FILE.
cLAB is the index of column containing labels
vVAL is the index of column containing keys
(1st column is indexed at 0)
-lab_file_delim COL_DELIM: Set column delimiter for -lab_file option
Default is ' ' (space), but you can set
your own. ';' for example. Note that the
delimiter is passed directly to awk's -F
-longnames cLONGNAME: Additionally, allow for another column of long
names for regions, e.g. amygdala for AMY
cLONGNAME is the starting column for the longname continuing
to the last name of the output
-atlas_type TP: Set the atlas type where TP is 'S' for subject-based
and 'G' for group-based atlases, respectively.
A subject-based atlas will remain in the current
directory. Its entry is added to the atlas file
A group atlas will get copied to your custom atlas
directory. If you do not have one, the script will
help you create it. The entry for a group atlas is
made in CustomAtlases.niml which will reside in your
custom atlases directory specified by environment
variable AFNI_SUPP_ATLAS_DIR which, if not set already
can easily be added with something like:
@AfniEnv -set AFNI_SUPP_ATLAS_DIR ~/CustomAtlases
-atlas_description DESCRP: Something with which to describe atlas
Default is 'My Atlas'
-atlas_name NAME: Something by which to call for the atlas.
Default name is based on prefix of DSET.
-auto_backup: When using -atlas_type G, a copy of dset is made in
your custom atlas directory. If the same dset with the
same name exists already, this option will back it up
and allow an overwrite. You could endup with a lot of
backed volumes and niml files, so you might want to
to cleanup now and then.
-centers: Add center of mass coordinates to atlas
-centertype TYPE: Choose Icent, Dcent or cm for different ways
to compute centers. See 3dCM for details
-centermask DSET: Calculate center of mass locations for each ROI
using a subset of voxels. Useful for atlases with
identical labels in both hemispheres.
See 3dCM -mask for details
-skip_novoxels: Skip regions without any voxels in the dataset
Global Help Options:
-h_web: Open webpage with help for this program
-hweb: Same as -h_web
-h_view: Open -help output in a GUI editor
-hview: Same as -hview
-all_opts: List all of the options for this script
-h_find WORD: Search for lines containing WORD in -help
output. Seach is approximate.
Say you have a dataset DSET with ROIs in it and that a text file
named KEYS.txt contains the assignment of labels to integer keys:
You can turn DSET into an atlas which gets handled in a special
manner in AFNI's interactive GUI and in whereami.
There are two classes of atlases:
Single-subject atlases are ROIs dsets or parcellations like those
created by freesurfer and handled in @SUMA_Make_Spec_FS, or perhaps
ones you would create by drawing regions on the anatomy.
Single-subject datasets and their accompanying SessionAtlases.niml
file usually reside in that subject's directory.
Case 1, single-subject atlas:
@Atlasize -space MNI -dset atlas_for_joe.nii \
-lab_file keys.txt 1 0
Launching afni in that directory will now show atlas_for_joe.nii as
an atlas: Special colors, labels appear next to voxel values, and
in slice windows if you turn labels on (right click on gray scale,
and set Labels menu) Whereami queries will also return results from
the new atlas.
Case 1.1, dset is already an atlas but it is not in an atlas file
and therefore is not visible from whereami.
@Atlasize -dset atlas_for_joe.nii
Note: For NIFTI volumes, all changes are made in the header
extension, so non-AFNI programs should not be bothered by this.
Case 2, Group-level atlases:
These atlases are stored in your custom atlas directory (the
scipt will help you create it), along with the CustomAtlases.niml
If you have not set up your custom atlas directory, just run:
@AfniEnv -set AFNI_SUPP_ATLAS_DIR ~/MyCustomAtlases/
@Atlasize -space MNI -dset atlas_for_all.nii \
-lab_file keys.txt 1 0 -atlas_type G
In ~/MyCustomAtlases/ you will now find atlas_for_all.nii along
along with a modified CustomAtlases.niml file.
Launching afni from any directory will make atlas_for_all.nii
available, in addition to the other atlases in afni's bin
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Mon Jun 14 23:45:08 EDT 2021